Bible Study Questions – Matthew 5:17-20
How does Jesus’ teaching “fulfill” the Law and the Prophets (5:17)? Isaiah 53; John 1:29; Romans 3:21
Where else have we heard this term, “Law and prophets?” Matthew 7:12, 22:40; Acts 24:14, 28:23; Romans 3:21
Where else in Matthew have we read about Jesus’ fulfillment? Matthew 1:22, 2:5, 15, 17, 23, 4:14, 8:17
If Jesus came to fulfill the law, why is the law still so important?
Some people claim that Jesus abolished the law for the Christian and that we are only responsible for obeying the “law of love.” Respond to this view in light of Jesus’ words in this passage.
How does Jesus here emphasize His high view of Old Testament Scripture?
How did Jesus fulfill ceremonial law? Hebrews 9:11-12, 10:9-12 Judicial law? Moral law? Hebrews 4: 14-16
How does the coming of Jesus impact the OT Law? Mark 7: 1-23
Jesus said that until heaven and earth cease to exist, nothing would disappear from the law “until everything is accomplished” What is to be accomplished? Galatians 3:19, 23-26
In Matthew 5:19 Jesus also said that if anyone broke “one of the least of these commandments” and taught others to do so, that person would be called “least” in the kingdom. Those who practiced and taught these commands of which he spoke would be called “great” in that kingdom. How do these words fit into the discussion?
What does it mean to be righteous in God’s eyes? 1 Corinthians 5:9-10; 1 John 5:3
Can anyone ever be righteous enough on their own to gain heaven? Romans 3:20-22; 2 Timothy 3:16-17; Hebrews 10:1
Whose righteousness must we depend on? Romans 8:3-4; 2 Corinthians 1:19-20
How can one be more righteous even then the Pharisees? Matthew 23:25
How are righteousness and the law connected?
How should we interpret Jesus’ massive claims in Matthew 5:18-19?
Why was this message so important for His hearers to hear?
How should these sayings influence our approach to evangelism?
In a society that interprets the law according to its own purpose, what can we do to uphold it?