July 4, 2021 | You Shall Not Murder


Bible Study – You Shall Not Murder


Exodus 20:13 instructs us, “You shall not murder.” Why do you think that God needed to instruct His people with these words?


What is the worldly definition of murder? How does Martin Luther expand that definition?


“We are to fear and love God, so that we neither endanger nor harm the lives of our neighbors, but instead help and support them in all of life’s needs.”


Why do you think Martin Luther added on the requirement to help and support? How is not doing this murder in God’s eyes?


How does Jesus expand its definition? Matthew 5:21-26


Is hate as bad as murder? Why or why not? (Think of it in Godly terms and in human terms.)  1 John 3:15 Why do we judge hate differently than God?


What is life? Genesis 2:7; Jeremiah 29:11; John 8:12, 10:10


How do you respect life?


Does this commandment mean that taking someone’s life is always forbidden?  Explain. Genesis 9:6; Leviticus 24:17


The Bible distinguishes carefully between:

murder, which is killing with intent (Exodus 21:12-14Numbers 35:16-21)

manslaughter, which is killing due to negligence (Exodus 21:28-30Deuteronomy 22:8)

accidental killing (Numbers 35:22-25Deuteronomy 19:4-5Joshua 20:2-3), and

killing in self-defense (Exodus 22:2Jeremiah 2:34-35)


How is this commandment rooted in the nature of God and in the nature of humanity?


It is said that “It is in the mind and heart that murder is conceived.” Explain this quote.


Is this mind and heart attitude always one of hate and anger? Explain.


Many murders come from a need for revenge. What does God say about revenge? Romans 12:18-21; 1 John 3:12


Why do you think the idea of murder is so prevalent in our movies and video games?


In your opinion, how does this desensitize us from the pure evil of murder?


How do you think our present evil condition has been aided by this kind of desensitization?


How does one go about murdering someone’s reputation, confidence, name, and dignity?